Be Ready Utah - 12 Steps to Emergency Preparedness
You can only last three to four hours in extreme conditions without adequate shelter. Maintaining your body temperature in hot or cold temperatures is vital for survival. This can be hard to do if you are out of your normal environment or the power to your home is out. Knowledge of how to maintain your optimal body temperature can help you "Be Ready" to save your life or the life of someone you care about.
Water is necessary for life and survival. You are 60 to 70 percent water. It’s necessary for all bodily functions. If you are thirsty, you're already dehydrated. You can only last three to four days without it. Having a storage of clean drinking water and knowing how to safely treat more is vital to "be ready" for survival.
There are a lot of stories throughout history of people eating strange things because they were starving. Through war, famine, political and economic turmoil, and natural and man-made disasters, people have been known to eat tree bark, shoes, dirt, pets, and worse. You can only last three to four weeks without adequate nutrition. Have a basic food storage supply for maintaining your energy and health in an emergency, and to keep yourself and your family from hunger and malnutrition. Gathering and storing food and other supplies now will help your family "be ready" for an emergency and have peace of mind in the event of a disaster.
The second emergency after an initial disaster is a disease outbreak. Improper hygiene and sanitation lead to deadly diseases like typhoid, dysentery, and cholera. Prevent disease and illness by keeping yourself and your surrounding environment clean. Having a storage of hygiene and sanitation supplies and knowing how to safely use them at home and away is vital for you and your family to "be ready" for survival.
Emergency lighting is necessary for safety and for emotional and mental health. Light helps you see and avoid hazards. It can help you better see and understand your situation when a disaster happens. Have you ever been in a cave with absolutely no light? It can be disorienting at the very least. Power outages are very common, especially during emergencies and disasters. Knowing what to do in a power outage situation can help you "Be Ready" for your own safety and the safety of others.
In a disaster situation when emergency services are overwhelmed and professional medical care may be unavailable, it is vital to have a basic understanding of first aid and have necessary medical supplies on hand. Your personal health is of paramount concern, especially during an emergency. Disasters can be physically and emotionally taxing. You are much more likely to get through the incident if you are physically fit. Additionally, when you are healthy, you are in a better position to be of help to others. "Be Ready" for medical and health emergencies with proper first aid training, first aid supplies, and personal health.
- Safety & Security
- Tools & Personal Items
- Important Documents
- Transportation & Navigation
Accurate information allows you to make informed decisions. Communication is often the first thing lost in an emergency. Reliable and true information sources are essential during a disaster. Not all sources will be available depending on the emergency. Knowing and having multiple ways of giving and receiving information will help you "Be Ready" to communicate and be reunited with family and friends.
Safety is all about preventing injuries and accidents from ever happening by eliminating or reducing hazards and mitigating risk to life and property. The easiest recovery is an emergency that never happens. Security is being situationally aware of the risks that are beyond your direct control and knowing what to do to minimize and deter outside threats and also how to act when confronted with a threatening situation. Knowing what to do to increase your safety and security will help you and your family "Be Ready" before, during, and after emergencies.
You are a unique person with unique needs and abilities. Your personal preparedness plans should be as well. Do you have allergies? Vision or hearing impairment? Special medication? Other issues unique to you? You need to have plans and supplies to meet those needs before the emergency starts. What tools and supplies do you need to be happy, healthy, and comfortable in an emergency situation? Do you have medical training that requires specific medical tools? What tools do you have in your vehicles and do you know how to use them? Think about where you spend time, what skills you have, and what tools and supplies you will need to "be ready" during difficult times.
It is important to have printed copies of documents for identification and reference during an emergency and to help in post-emergency recovery. At the same time, during disasters, ATM machines, banks, and credit card readers may be inoperable. Having cash on hand will help cover costs until normal services resume. It is important to have your important documents in order and have some finances set aside to "be ready" for emergencies and hard times.
Transportation is about getting you, your loved ones, and basic preparedness supplies from Point A to Point B. Point A is anywhere that is not safe and Point B is where you may find safety for a time. Navigation is knowing where you are, where you are going, and the safest routes to take. Having emergency evacuation plans with details about where to go and how to get there is important to any preparedness plan. "Be ready" with the plans, knowledge, and tools you need to get you safely from here to there, wherever here and there may be.